Types of Spark Plugs: Construction, Working and Maintenance PDF Download
A spark plug is a device for delivering electric current from an ignition system to the combustion chamber of a spark-ignition engine to ignite the compressed fuel/air mixture by an electric spark, while containing combustion pressure within the engine. A spark plug has a metal threaded shell, electrically isolated from a central electrode by a ceramic insulator. The central electrode, which may contain a resistor, is connected by a heavily insulated wire to the output terminal of an ignition coil or magneto. The spark plug’s metal shell is screwed into the engine’s cylinder head and thus electrically grounded. The central electrode protrudes through the porcelain insulator into the combustion chamber, forming one or more spark gaps between the inner end of the central electrode and usually one or more protuberances or structures attached to the inner end of the threaded shell and designated the side, earth, or ground electrode(s).
Spark plugs may also be used for other purposes; in Saab Direct Ignition when they are not firing, spark plugs are used to measure ionization in the cylinders – this ionic current measurement is used to replace the ordinary cam phase sensor, knock sensor and misfire measurement function. Spark plugs may also be used in other applications such as furnaces wherein a combustible fuel/air mixture must be ignited. In this case, they are sometimes referred to as flame igniters.
Components of a typical, four stroke cycle, DOHC piston engine.
(E) Exhaust camshaft
(I) Intake camshaft
(S) Spark plug
(R) Connecting rod
(W) Water jacket for coolant flow
The PDF you will download contain:
- What is a Spark Plug?
- Construction of Spark Plug
- Working Principle of Spark Plugs
- Types of Spark Plugs
- Maintenance of Spark Plugs
Download Types of Spark Plugs: Construction, Working and Maintenance in free pdf format.