Solar Power System Wiring Diagrams PDF

Solar Power 101: A Practical Guide to Solar Power System Design for Homeowners

Solar Power 101: A Practical Guide to Solar Power System Design for Homeowners

Table of Contents:


Basic Tutorials: System Overview


Basic Tutorials: Energy Audits


Step One in sizing your solar power system:


Basic Tutorials: Solar Panels


Solar Panels: An eco-friendly electric generator
The 3 basic types of Solar Panels
Shading & Shadows on solar panels
Temperature & Wind loading considerations
Types of Solar Panel Array Mountings: Fixed, Adjustable, & Tracking
How much sunshine will I need?
Cost and expected Lifespan of solar panels
Summary
Technical Specs for a Schott Mono-250-Watt Solar Panel
Mounting System Types


Basic Tutorials: Charge Controllers


Why a Charge Controller is necessary
Modern multi-stage charge controllers
MPPT Maximum Power Point Tracking
Summary
The Power Inverter
Square Wave power inverters (not so good):
Modified Sine Wave power inverters (better):
True Sine Wave power inverters (best):
Grid Tie Power Inverters
Input voltages. Should I use a 12-, 24-, or 48-volt inverter?
Inverter Stacking: Using multiple inverters
Power Inverter considerations
How can I determine how many solar panels and batteries I’ll need?
What kind of wires or cables will I need to hook all this stuff together?
Summary


Basic Tutorials: Storage Batteries


Storage Batteries: the fuel tank of your solar power system
Industrial Strength: Flooded, Gel, and AGM sealed batteries
Care and Feeding
How to determine how charged your batteries are
Wiring diagrams for multiple batteries
Summary
Battery Bank Design Tool: Battery wiring made simple with just 4 clicks


Basic Tutorials: AC Generators


AC Generators for back-up power and running large loads
Summary


Basic Tutorials: Wire & Cables


Correct wire sizes are essential
Wire chart for connecting 12 Volt solar panels to the Charge Controller
Connecting the Charge Controller
Connecting the Power Inverter
Connecting the Batteries
Standard Romex Type Sheathed Electrical Cable for 2% voltage drop for 12-, 24-, and 48-volt copper wire


Basic Tutorials: Meters & Monitors


Monitoring battery voltage and system performance
Short electronics lesson
How do I interpret all these voltage readings?
So how much can I expect to pay for a multi-function monitor?


Appendix A: Advanced Tutorials – Battery Wiring


Battery wiring diagrams
Use parallel wiring to increase current (power)
Use series wiring to increase voltage
Use series & parallel wiring in combination
The sky’s the limit
See complete circuit diagrams of example Solar Energy Systems.
Design your system quickly with our Interactive Design Tools


Appendix B: Advanced Tutorials — Watts & Power


Definitions.
Ohm’s Law
The 12 basic formulas for Ohm’s Law can be expressed as follows:
Summary


Appendix C: Advanced Tutorials: Solar Radiation


Solar Radiation: Sunshine across the United States:
A practical everyday example using AmpHours instead of Watthours :
Solar Pathfinder
Magnetic Declination
Solar Pathfinder Sunbath Chart(s):


Appendix D: Photovoltaics / How Solar Cells Work
Appendix E: Solar Electricity System Diagrams – 3 Types


1.) Grid Inter-tied Solar-Electric Systems
2.) Grid-Inter-tied Solar-Electric Systems with Battery Backup
3.) Off-Grid Solar-Electric Systems
Grid Tied System without Battery Back-up
Grid Tied System with Battery Back-up
Uninterruptable Power Supply (UPS)


Appendix F: All about Lightning and Lightning Protection


Step One – Proper Grounding
Grounding and NEC Requirements
Surge Arrestors
Installing Delta Arrestors
Electrical Grounding Diagrams

Appendix G: Return on Investment (ROI) Determination


Federal and State Renewable Energy Incentives, Tax Credits and Rebates
Appendix H.
6 exercises to understand system design, 12-, 24-, and 48-volts systems and parallel and series wiring for panels and batteries
Appendix I: Solar Energy Systems Terms and Definitions

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