Purification of Laboratory Chemicals 5th Edition by W.L.F. Armarego, Christina Chai, W.L.F. Armarego.
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CHAPTER 1. COMMON PHYSICAL TECHNIQUES USED IN PURIFICATION
CHAPTER 2. CHEMICAL METHODS USED IN PURIFICATION
CHAPTER 3. THE FUTURE OF PURIFICATION
CHAPTER 4. PURIFICATION OF ORGANIC CHEMICALS
CHAPTER 5. PURIFICATION OF INORGANIC AND METALORGANIC CHEMICALS (Including Organic compounds of B. Bi. P. Se. Si. and ammonium and metal salts of organic acids)
CHAPTER 6. PURIFICATION OF BIOCHEMICALS AND RELATED PRODUCTS
Preface to the Fifth Edition: THE DEMAND for Purification of Laboratory Chemicals has not abated since the publication of the fourth edition as evidenced by the number of printings and the sales. The request by the Editor for a fifth edition offered an opportunity to increase the usefulness of this book for laboratory purposes. It is with deep regret that mention should be made that Dr Douglas D. Perrin had passed away soon after the fourth edition was published. His input in the first three editions was considerable and his presence has been greatly missed. A fresh, new and young outlook was required in order to increase the utility of this book and it is with great pleasure that Dr Christina L.L. Chai, a Reader in Chemistry and leader of a research group in organic and bioorganic chemistry, has agreed to coauthor this edition. The new features of the fifth edition have been detailed below.
Chapters 1 and 2 have been reorganised and updated in line with recent developments. A new chapter on the ‘Future of Purification’ has been added. It outlines developments in syntheses on solid supports, combinatorial chemistry as well as the use of ionic liquids for chemical reactions and reactions in fluorous media. These technologies are becoming increasingly useful and popular so much so that many future commercially available substances will most probably be prepared using these procedures. Consequently, a knowledge of their basic principles will be helpful in many purification methods of the future.
Chapters 4,5 and 6 (3,4 and 5 in the 4th edn) form the bulk of the book. The number of entries has been increased to include the purification of many recent commercially available reagents that have become more and more popular in the syntheses of organic, inorganic and bio-organic compounds. Several purification procedures for commonly used liquids, e.g. solvents, had been entered with excessive thoroughness, but in many cases the laboratory worker only requires a simple, rapid but effective purification procedure for immediate use. In such cases a Rapid purification procedure has been inserted at the end of the respective entry, and should be satisfactory for most purposes. With the increased use of solid phase synthesis, even for small molecules, and the use of reagents on solid support (e.g. on polystyrene) for reactions in liquid media, compounds on solid support have become increasingly commercially available. These have been inserted at the end of the respective entry and have been listed in the General Index together with the above rapid purification entries.
A large number of substances are ionisable in aqueous solutions and a knowledge of their ionisation constants, stated as pK (pKa) values, can be of importance not only in their purification but also in their reactivity. Literature values of the pKs have been inserted for ionisable substances, and where values could not be found they were estimated (pK~~t). The estimates are usually so close to the true values as not to affect the purification process or the reactivity seriously. The book will thus be a good compilation of pK values for ionisable substances.
Almost all the entries in Chapters 4, 5 and 6 have CAS (Chemical Abstract Service) Registry Numbers to identify them, and these have been entered for each substance. Unlike chemical names which may have more than one synonymous name, there is only one CAS Registry Number for each substance (with only a few exceptions, e.g. where a substance may have another number before purification, or before determination of absolute configuration). To simplify the method for locating the purification of a substance, a CAS Registry Number Index with the respective page numbers has been included after the General Index at the end of the book. This will also provide the reader with a rapid way to see if the purification of a particular substance has been reported in the book. The brief General Index includes page references to procedures and equipment, page references to abbreviations of compounds, e.g. TRIS, as well as the names of substances for which a Registry Number was not found.
Website references for distributors of substances orland of equipment have been included in the text. However, since these may be changed in the future we must rely on the suppliers to inform users of their change in website references.
We wish to thank readers who have provided advice, constructive criticism and new information for inclusion in this book. We should be grateful to our readers for any further comments, suggestions, amendments and criticisms which could, perhaps, be inserted in a second printing of this edition. In particular, we thank Professor Ken-chi Sugiura (Graduate School of Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Japan) who has provided us with information on the purification of several organic compounds from his own experiences, and Joe Papa BS MS (EXAXOL in Clearwater, Florida, USA) who has provided us not only with his experiences in the purification of many inorganic substances in this book, but also gave us his analytical results on the amounts of other metal impurities at various stages of purification of several salts. We thank them graciously for permission to include their reports in this work. We express our gratitude to Dr William B. Cowden for his generous advice on computer hardware and software over many years and for providing an Apple Laserwriter (16/600PS) which we used to produce the master copy of this book. We also extend our sincere thanks to Dr Bart Eschler for advice on computer hardware and software and for assistance in setting up the computers (iMac and eMac) used to produce this book.
We thank Dr Pauline M. Armarego for assistance in the painstaking task of entering data into respective files, for many hours of proofreading, correcting typographical errors and checking CAS Registry Numbers against their respective entries.
One of us (W.L.F.A) owes a debt of gratitude to Dr Desmond (Des) J. Brown of the Research School of Chemistry, ANU, for unfailing support and advice over several decades and for
providing data that was difficult to acquire not only for this edition but also for the previous four editions of this book.
One of us (C.L.L.C) would specially like to thank her many research students (past and present) for their unwavering support, friendship and loyalty, which enabled her to achieve what she now has. She wishes also to thank her family for their love, and would particularly like to dedicate her contribution towards this book to the memory of her brother Andrew who had said that he should have been a scientist.
We thank Mrs Joan Smith, librarian of the Research School of Chemistry, ANU, for her generous help in many library matters which have made the tedious task of checking references more enduring.
W.L.F. Armarego & C.L.L. Chaj
From Back Cover:
Wilfred LE Armarego
John Curtin School of Medical Research, Australian National University, Canberra
Christina L.L. Chai
Department of Chemistry. Australian National University, Canberra
• The only complete source that covers the purification of laboratory chemicals that are commercially available in such an easy-to-use format
• Provides purification procedures for commercially available chemicals and biochemicals
• Includes an extremely useful compilation of lonisation constants
Now in its fifth edition. Purification of Laboratory Chemicals continues to provide laboratory scientists with a manual for purifying and increasing the purity of modern commercially available chemical sub stances.
The authors have written and revised six chapters that describe the aspects of purification and properties of chemical substances. In addition to detailing physical methods and procedures such as crystallization, distillation, chromatography, etc., the authors also address chemical methods and procedures used in purification including conversion to specific derivatives or complexes and regeneration of the original material in a much-purified form.
The book also outlines recent developments in synthesis (e… combinatorial chemistry, solid support chemistry. Nuorous chemistry) and the corresponding purilication procedures that will provide many of the commercially supplied chemical substances in years to come. Additionally, interesting perspective about the future of purification is provided by the authors, based on their years of experience.
The bulk of the book contains purification procedures taken from the literature) of individual entries for commercially available organic compounds, inorganic and metal-organic compounds and biochemical and related compounds respectively. The entries are accessible in alphabetical order, and in most cases synonymous names and/or abbreviations are included as well as the CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) Registry Numbers. The physical properties have been entered, such as the molecular welght, melting and boiling points, and specific rotations if substances are optically active. Rapid purification procedures for common solvents have also been included after the respective extensive pro cedures
New to this edition, the lonisation constants in the form of pk have been entered for lonisable compounds. These are followed by procedures, used to purify the substances, in most cases to analytical purity. An index of CAS Registry Numbers with the respective page numbers of the entries has been added as well, making it easy to locate any substance irrespective of which chapter it is in, and also rapidly telling the reader whether there is a purification procedure for that substance in this book.
Purification of Laboratory Chemicals 5th Edition by W.L.F. Armarego, Christina Chai, W.L.F. Armarego pdf.
⏩Authors: W.L.F. Armarego, Christina Chai, W.L.F. Armarego
⏩Copyright: 2003, Elsevier Science (USA)
⏩Publication Date: 7th March 2003
⏩Size: 15.1 MB
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