Mechatronics_ Electronic control systems in mechanical and electrical engineering pdf.
Mechatronics: Electronic control systems in mechanical and electrical engineering 3rd edition by W. Bolton.
The integration of electronic engineering, electrical engineering, computer technology, and control engineering with mechanical engineering is increasingly forming a crucial part in the design, manufacture, and maintenance of a wide range of engineering products and processes. A consequence of this is the need for engineers and technicians to adopt an interdisciplinary and integrated approach to engineering The term mechatronics is used to describe this integrated approach. A consequence of this approach is that engineers and technicians need skills and knowledge that are not confined to a single subject area. They need to be capable of operating and communicating across a range of engineering disciplines and linking with those having more specialised skills. This book is an attempt to provide a basic background to mechatronics and provide links through to more specialised skills.
The overall aim of the book is to give comprehensive coverage of mechatronics which can be used with courses for both technicians and undergraduates in engineering, and hence, to help the reader
1. Acquire a mix of skills in mechanical engineering electronics and computing which is necessary if he/she is to be able to comprehend and design mechatronic systems.
2. Become capable of operating and communicating across the range of engineering disciplines necessary in mechatronics.
In the various chapters, the book aims to help the reader:
Chapter 1: Mechatronics
Appreciate what mechatronics is about to Comprehend the various forms and elements of control systems: open-loop.closed-loop and sequential Recognise the need for models of systems in order to predict their behavior.
Chapter 2: Sensors and transducers
Describe the performance of commonly used sensors Evaluate sensors used in the measurement of displacement, position and proximity: velocity and motion force; fluid pressure, liquid flow, liquid level; temperature: light. Explain the problem of bouncing when mechanical switches are used for inputting data.
Chapter 3: Signal conditioning
Explain the requirements for signal conditioning Explain how operational amplifiers can be used, the requirements for protection and filtering the principle of the Wheatstone bridge and, in particular, how it is used with strain gauges, the principles and main methods of analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog converters, multiplexers and data acquisition using DAQ boards. Explain the principle of digital signal processing. Explain the principle of pulse-modulation
Chapter 4: Data presentation systems
Explain the problem of loading. Describe the basic principles of use of commonly used data presentation elements: meters, analog chart recorders, oscilloscopes, visual display units, printers. Explain the principles of magnetic recording on a floppy and hard discs. Explain the principles of displays and, in particular, the use of LED seven-segment and dot matrix displays and the use of driver circuits.
Explain how data presentation can occur with the use of DAQ boards Design measurement systems
Chapter 3 Pematic and hydraulic action systems
Interpret system drawings, and design simple systems, for sequential control systems involving valves and cylinders Explain the principle of process control valves, their characteristics and sizing
Chapter 6: Mechanical actwation systems
Evaluate mechanical systems involving linkages, cams, gcars, ratchet and pawl, belt and chain drives, and bearings
Chapter 7: Electrical actwation systems
Evaluate the operational characteristics of electrical actuation systems relays, solid-state switches (thyristors, bipolar transistors and MOSFETS, solenoid actuated systems, dc motor, motors and steppers)
Chapter & Basic By models
Devise models from basic building blocks for mechanical electrical, fluid and thermal systems
Chapter 9. Systen models
Devise models for rotational-translational mechanical and hydraulic-mechanical systems electro
Chapter 10: Dynamic responses of stems
Model dynamic systems by means of differential equations Determine the response of first and second-order systems to simple inputs
Chapter 11: System transfer functions
Define the transfer function and determine the responses of systems to simple inputs by its means, using Laplace transforms Identify the effect of pole location on transient response Use MATLAB and SIMULINK to model systems
Chapter 12: Frequency response
Analyse the frequency response of systems subject to sinusoidal inputs Plot and interpret Bode plots, using such plus for en identification
Chapter 13: Closed-loop controllers
Predict the behaviour of systems with proportional integral derivative proportional plus integral, proportional plus derivative and PID control
Explain how such modes of control can be realised with operational amplifiers and digital controllers and controller settings determined. Explain what is meant by velocity feedback and adaptive control
Chapter 14: Digital logic
Use the binary, octal, hexadecimal and binary coded decimal number systems, explain how numbers can be signed and the twos complement method of handling nepative numbers. Explain the advantages of the Gray code Describe party methods of error detection Recognise the symbols and Boolean representation of write truth tables for and use in applications, the logic gates of AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR and XOR Use Boolean algebra to simplify Boolean expressions and present them in the form of sums of products or product of sums. Use Karnaugh maps to determine the Boolean expressions to represent truth tables Explain the operation of decoders. Explain how SR, JK and D flip-flops can be used in control systems.
Chapter 15: Microprocessors
Describe the basic structure of a microprocessor System. Describe the architecture of common microprocessors and how they can be incorporated in microprocessor systems Describe the basic sinacture of microcontrollers and the architecture of commonly encountered microcontrollers and how their registers are used to carry out tasks. Explain how programs can be developed using flow charts or pseudocode.
Chapter 16: Assembly language
Use assembly language to write programs.
Chapter 17: C language
Use C to write programs
Chapter 18: Input/output Systems
Identify interface requirements and how they can be realised; in particular buffers, handshaking, polling and serial interfacing Explain how interrupts are used with microcontrollers. Explain the function of peripheral interface adapters and program them for particular situations. Explain the function of asynchronous communications interface adapters.
Chapter 19: Programmable logic controllers
Describe the basic structure of PLCs. Program a PLC, recognising how the logic functions, latching and sequencing can be realised Develop programs involving timers, internal relays, counters shift registers, master relays, jumps and data handling
Chapter 20: Comunication systems
Describe centralised, hierarchical and distributed control systems, network configurations and methods of transmitting data, describing protocols used in the transmission of data. Describe the Open Systems Interconnection communication model Describe commonly used communication interfaces: RS-232, Centronics, IEEE-488, personal computer buses, VXibus, and I’C bus
Chapter 27: Fault finding
Recognise the techniques used to identify faults in microprocessor-based systems, including both hardware and software. Explain the use of emulation and simulation Explain how full finding can be developed with PLC systems
Chapter 22: Mechatronics systems
Compare and contrast possible solutions to design problems when considered from the traditional and the mechatronic points of view, recognising the widespread use of embedded systems. Analyse case studies of mechatronics solutions Design mechatronics solutions to problems.
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