# Chemical Equations And Reactions Chapter 8 and Chapter 9,10 pdf download

CHAPTER 8
Chemical Equations and Reactions
The evolution of energy as light and heat is an indication
that a chemical reaction is taking place.

SECTION 1:   Describing Chemical Reactions.
OBJECTIVES:
List three observations that suggest that a chemical reaction has taken place.
List three requirements for a correctly written chemical equation.
Write a word equation and a formula equation for a given chemical reaction.
Balance a formula equation by inspection.

SECTION 2: Types of Chemical Reactions.
OBJECTIVES
Define and give general equations for synthesis, decomposition,  single-displacement, and double-displacement reactions.
Classify a reaction as a synthesis, decomposition, single-displacement, doubledisplacement, or combustion reaction.
List three kinds of synthesis reactions and six kinds of decomposition reactions.
*List four kinds of singledisplacement reactions and three kinds of doubledisplacement reactions.
*Predict the products of simple reactions given the reactants.

SECTION 3: Activity Series of the Elements.
OBJECTIVES
Explain the significance of an activity series.
Use an activity series to predict whether a given reaction will occur and what the products will be.

CHAPTER 9
Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry comes from the Greek words stoicheion,
meaning “element,” and metron, meaning “measure.”

SECTION 1: Introduction toStoichiometry.
OBJECTIVES
Define stoichiometry.
Describe the importance of the mole ratio in stoichiometric  calculations.
Write a mole ratio relating two substances in a chemical equation.

SECTION 2: Ideal Stoichiometric Calculations.
OBJECTIVES
Calculate the amount in moles of a reactant or product from the amount in moles of a different reactant or product.
Calculate the mass of a reactant or product from the amount in moles of a different reactant or product.
Calculate the amount in moles of a reactant or product from the mass of a different reactant or product.
Calculate the mass of a reactant or product from the mass of a different reactant or product.

SECTION3 : Limiting Reactants and Percentage Yield.
OBJECTIVES:
Describe a method for determining which of two reactants is a  limiting reactant.
Calculate the amount in moles or mass in grams of a product, given the amounts in moles or masses in grams of two reactants, one of which is in excess.
Distinguish between theoretical yield, actual yield, and percentage yield.
Calculate percentage yield, given the actual yield and quantity of a reactant.

CHAPTER 10
States of Matter
The total three-dimensional arrangement
of particles of a crystal is its crystal structure.

SECTION 1: The Kinetic-Molecular Theory of Matter
OBJECTIVES:
State the kinetic-molecular theory of matter, and describe how it explains certain properties of matter.
List the five assumptions of the kinetic-molecular theory of gases. Define the terms ideal gas and real gas.
Describe each of the following characteristic properties of gases: expansion, density, fluidity, compressibility, diffusion, and effusion.
Describe the conditions under which a real gas deviates from “ideal” behavior.

SECTION 2: Liquids.
OBJECTIVES:
Describe the motion of particles in liquids and the properties of liquids according to the kinetic-molecular theory.
Discuss the process by which liquids can change into a gas.
Define vaporization.
Discuss the process by which liquids can change into a solid. Define freezing.

SECTION 3: Solids.
OBJECTIVES:
Describe the motion of particles in solids and the properties of solids according to the kinetic-molecular theory.
Distinguish between the two types of solids.
Describe the different types of crystal symmetry. Define crystal structure and unit cell.

SECTION 4: Changes of State.
OBJECTIVES:
Explain the relationship between equilibrium and changes of state.
Interpret phase diagrams.
Explain what is meant by equilibrium vapor pressure.
Describe the processes of boiling, freezing, melting, and sublimation.

SECTION 5: Water.
OBJECTIVES:
Describe the structure of a water molecule.
Discuss the physical properties of water. Explain how they are determined by the structure of water.
Calculate the amount of energy absorbed or released when a quantity of water changes state.

Book Details:
Language: English
Size: 5.05 MB
Pages: 100
Format: Pdf