Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering Eighth Edition.
This book is intended to serve as an introduction to the principles and techniques used in the field of chemical engineering as well as biological, petroleum, and environmental engineering. Although the range of subjects deemed to be in the province of chemical engineering has broadened over the last twenty years, the basic principles of this field of study remain the same.
This book presents the foundation of specific skills and information that are required for the successful undergraduate and postgraduate study of chemical engineering as well as the professional practice of chemical engineering. Moreover, your remaining chemical engineering classes will rely heavily on the skills that you will develop in this course: your ability to solve abstract problems as well as the application of material and energy balances. One can view the study of the field of chemical engineering as a tree with material and energy balances being the trunk and the subjects of thermodynamics, fluid flow, heat transfer, mass transfer, reactor kinetics, process control, and process design being the branches off the trunk. From this perspective, it is easy to see the importance of mastering the material that follows.
The primary objective of this book is to teach you how to systematically formulate and solve material and energy balance problems. More important, you should learn to systematically formulate and solve all types of problems using the methods presented in this text. In addition, this text serves to introduce you to the breadth of processes that chemical engineers work with, from the types of processes found in the refining and chemical industries to those found in bioengineering, nanoengineering, and the microelectronics industries. While the analysis used in this book will be based largely on a macroscopic scale (i.e., representing a complex system as a uniform system), your later engineering courses will teach you how to formulate microscopic material and energy balances that can be used to more completely describe these systems. In fact, you will learn in these classes that to formulate a microscopic balance you only have to apply the balances presented in this textbook to a very small volume inside the process of interest.
This text is organized as follows:
• Part I Introduction: background information (Chapters 1–2)
• Part II Material Balances: how to formulate and solve material balances (Chapters 3–6)
• Part III Gases, Vapors, and Liquids: how to describe gases and liquids (Chapter 7–8)
• Part IV Energy: how to formulate and solve energy balances (Chapters 9–11)
Expecting to “absorb” the information and skills in this text by reading and listening to lectures is a bit naïve. It is well established that one learns by doing, that is, applying what you have been exposed to. In this regard, our text offers a number of resources to assist you in this endeavor. Probably the most important resources for your study of this material are the SelfAssessment Tests at the end of each section in the book. In particular, the Self- Assessment questions and problems are particularly valuable because by answering them and comparing your answers to the answers posted in Appendix A, you can determine what it is that you do not fully understand, which is quite an important piece of information. A number of valuable resources are provided to you on the CD that accompanies this book, which includes the physical property software, which provides timesaving access to physical properties for over 700 compounds and elements; Polymath for solving sets of equations, which comes with a 15-day free trial; and the Supplemental Problems Workbook with over 100 solved problems and process equipment descriptions. For more specific information on the resources available with this textbook and the accompanying CD, refer to the “Read Me” section that follows.
It is our sincere hope that this textbook and materials not only inspireyou to continue to pursue your goal to become a chemical engineer, but also make your journey toward that goal easier.
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